Mushrooms are one of the best delicacies that is available in the market. The taste, flavor and not to mention the nutrients that it provides truly entice people to buy it. They can easily be bought at your local store or even online vegetables shops on the internet. You can even grow them on your own to make it organic. If you are interested in learning how to grow mushrooms in the comforts of your own home, this article will provide you with all the basics in starting your own fungi garden.
How Mushrooms Grow
Mushrooms emerge from spores (not seeds), which are so small that the naked eye can not see the individual spores. Instead of soil, these spores depend on nourishing compounds from sawdust, hay, straw or wood chips. The combination of the spores and these types of nutrients are called a spawn.Mushroom spawn behaves a little like the starter you use to produce sourdough bread.
How to grow your own
Buying the mushroom spores
Growing your mushrooms at home starts with choosing which mushroom you will be growing. The popular choices for homegrown mushrooms are shiitake, oyster and the common white button mushrooms. Make sure that the store where you buy the spores from are trustworthy as many stores can be found online. Mushrooms grow from spores, just think of them as mushroom seedlings. Spawn is usually easier to grow at home than by using spores. Keep in mind that different mushrooms require different growing environments so make sure your garden is suited to growing the mushrooms of your choice.
Where to grow
To grow mushrooms, make sure that the environment is ideal for their growth. Your basement is perfect to cultivate your mushrooms since it’s dark,cool and humid for your fungi to grow perfectly. A spot under the kitchen sink could also work if you have the space for it.
There are a few products that you can get if you are planning to grow them indoors. You can purchase a growing mushroom kit packaged with a growing medium that is already inoculated with a mushroom spawn. Mushroom growing kits are a perfect starting point if you’re new to the procedure, as a package would have everything that you need.
The process of growing mushrooms
Place the growing medium in a saucepan and raise the environment’s temperature to around 70 F. (21) C. Using a heating pad is ideal. Set the spawn to the growing medium. The spawn would have “rooted” in around three weeks, indicating the filaments will have dispersed through the growing medium.
When this occurs, you need to drop the surrounding temperature to around 55 to 60 F.(13-16 C.) as this is the optimum temperature for mushroom growth. Next, cover the spawn with potting soil (around 2.5cm) and cover it with a damp cloth. Water the cloth and soil everytime it dries up and you are almost done.
Around three to four weeks of, small mushrooms will grow and become visible to the naked eye. Harvest the mushrooms after the cap has been fully opened and has separated itself from the stem. Now you have your own homegrown mushroom that you can use in your cooking.